First punic war, also called first carthaginian war, (264–241 bce) first of three wars between the roman republic and the carthaginian (punic) empire that resulted in the destruction of carthage the first punic war was fought to establish control over the strategic islands of corsica and sicily. The first punic war was fought between carthage and rome between 264 and 241 bce, largely over control of sicily the longest continuous war in history up to that time was fought on the island, at sea, and in north africa with both sides enjoying victories and suffering near-catastrophic defeats. Numidia begins launching raids into carthage and carthage is unable to respond due to the rules of the treaty of the second punic war and rome saying to leave the numidians alone cato the elder also begins to preach against the carthaginians. Carthage vs rome the punic wars over the course of one-hundred years the mediterranean antiquity was rocked by an ancient cold war between the north african seafaring state of carthage, and the newly rising city of rome located on the italian peninsula. Polybius (44) states that it was to help the mamertines in their struggles with messana and rhegium despite the three treaties, none of the relations between carthage and rome proved effective in avoiding the outbreak of the first punic war.
Punic wars - third punic war - (149–146 bc) although powerless militarily, the commercial fortunes of carthage revived significantly during the next 50 years it was the envy of rome’s merchant class, aided by friends in the roman senate, that brought on the last of the punic wars the determination of some roman politicians—led by cato the censor and his incessant chanting of.
First punic war as long as rome remained the little city of trade by the tiber river, carthage reigned supreme but the island of sicily would be the flashpoint for growing roman resentment of the carthaginians sicily lay partly under carthaginian and partly under roman control. When carthage besieged the roman protected town of saguntum in 218 bc, it ignited the second punic war with rome as for rome, the end of the first punic war marked the start of rome's expansion beyond the italian peninsula sicily became the first roman province governed by a former praetor, instead of an ally. Rome did not really want to conquer greece, for romans generally admired greek culturethe fourth macedonian war came to a conclusion in 146, the same year as the third punic war rome by now was more than capable of carrying on wars on multiple fronts, at least if they were not too large. The first punic war (264 to 241 bc) was the first of three wars fought between ancient carthage and the roman republic, the two great powers of the western mediterranean for 23 years, in the longest continuous conflict and greatest naval war of antiquity, the two powers struggled for supremacy, primarily on the mediterranean island of sicily and its surrounding waters, and also in north africa.
By the end of the first punic war, however, rome had proven herself not only the equal of carthage, but more adaptive and mastered the great maritime power by beating her on the seas as well as land unsurprisingly, it is in the period of the hostilities of the first punic war that the romans begin to set down their own histories for the first time.
While carthage would largely ignore the war, leaving the fighting to hamilcar and his mercenaries, rome would be building and equipping more ships and training more men even though rome had never had a navy before the first punic war, they emerged in 241 bce as masters of the sea and carthage was a defeated city.
The island won from carthage by rome after the first punic war strait of messina the strait which separates sicily and italy tarquinius superbus the seventh and final king of rome tetrarchy the government of four conceived by diocletian, which divided the empire into west and east, each ruled by an emperor and a junior emperor.
The three punic wars between carthage and rome took place over nearly a century, beginning in 264 bc and ending with the destruction of carthage in 146 bc by the time the first punic war broke out, rome had become the dominant power throughout the italian peninsula, while carthage–a powerful city-state in northern africa–had established itself as the leading maritime power in the world. The first punic war could have easily been avoidable it lasted for twenty years the same year as the third punic war rome by now was more than capable of carrying on wars on multiple fronts, at least if they were not too large the strengths and weaknesses of carthage in the punic wars. Rome was, however, to pay for breaking her neutrality and humiliating carthage in that it gave the punic nation the hatred and determination to pursue the second punic war.
Punic wars - third punic war - (149–146 bc) although powerless militarily, the commercial fortunes of carthage revived significantly during the next 50 years it was the envy of rome’s merchant class, aided by friends in the roman senate, that brought on the last of the punic wars. Second punic war: second punic war, second (218–201 bce) in a series of wars between the roman republic and the carthaginian (punic) empire that resulted in roman hegemony over the western mediterranean in the years after the first punic war, rome wrested corsica and sardinia from carthage and forced carthaginians.