Carry in fixed income is well known it is a return of holding a bond to maturity by earning yield versus holding cash carry in stocks is a less known concept. Equity's primacy in england was later enshrined in the judicature acts of the 1870s, which also served to fuse the courts of equity and the common law (although emphatically not the systems themselves) into one unified court system. A company’s equity may often change for a variety of reasons causes of change in equity include a shift in an asset's relative to the value of liabilities, depreciation and share repurchasing equity is important because it represents the real value of one’s stake in an investment. The concepts of health equity and health disparity are inseparable in their practical implementation policies and practices aimed at promoting the goal of health equity will not immediately eliminate all health disparities, but they will provide a foundation for moving closer to that goal.
Home equity is roughly comparable to home ownership: the amount of equity one has in his or her residence represents how much of the home he or she owns outright equity on a property or home stems from payments made against a mortgage, including a down payment , and from increases in property value. The concept of equity is well entrenched in international law the universal declaration of human rights states that the 'recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world' (weiss 1990, p 9.
The concept of equity, in contrast, would lead us to stagger the starting positions of the runners in order to offset the disadvantages facing those in the outer lanes in this case, different or tailored treatment is a surer path to fairness and justice than the same treatment. Brand equity can be defined as three distinct elements: the total value of a brand as a separable asset – when it is sold or included on a balance sheet a measure of the strength of consumers’ attachment to a brand. The majority of economists agree that the concept of an equity risk premium is valid: over the long term, markets compensate investors more for taking on the greater risk of investing in stocks.
In its broadest sense, equity is fairness as a legal system, it is a body of law that addresses concerns that fall outside the jurisdiction of common law equity is also used to describe the money value of property in excess of claims, liens, or mortgages on the property. What is the meaning of equity equity is used in accounting in several ways often the word equity is used when referring to an ownership interest in a business examples include stockholders' equity or owner's equity occasionally, equity is used to mean the combination of liabilities and owner's equity. Equity or economic equality is the concept or idea of fairness in economics, particularly in regard to taxation or welfare economics more specifically, it may refer to equal life chances regardless of identity, to provide all citizens with a basic and equal minimum of income, goods, and services or to increase funds and commitment for redistribution. After us courts merged law and equity, american law courts adopted many of the procedures of equity courts the procedures in a court of equity were much more flexible than the courts at common law in american practice, certain devices such as joinder, counterclaim, cross-claim and interpleader originated in the courts of equity.
A equity carry concept by looking at a yield curve as how such is practiced in fixed income is most likely applicable to multinational companies that have overseas operations and stocks listed. The cost of equity is the return a company requires to decide if an investment meets capital return requirements firms often use it as a capital budgeting threshold for required rate of return.
In jurisdictions following the english common law system, equity is the body of law which was developed in the english court of chancery and which is now administered concurrently with the common law. A fixed income investor can earn a relatively stable return from carry and roll down carry is defined as the difference between a yield of a bond and interest on overnight cash.
The concept of equity also became attached to roman law generally, in the form of ius commune (common law) sohm already hinted at this functionality when he showed how equity developed together with the concept of ius gentium (law of nations), a common overarching law (my book a common law also discusses this. Equity is the absence of avoidable or remediable differences among groups of people, whether those groups are defined socially, economically, demographically, or geographically. Equity as a concept is fundamental to sustainable development the brundtland commission's definition of sustainable development is based on intergenerational equity: 'development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs' (1990, p 87.