The word concreteness effect refers to the phenomenon that concrete words are better remembered than abstract words concrete words refer to objects, persons, etc, and abstract words mean ideas, feelings, and concepts. Treatment for lexical retrieval using abstract and concrete words in persons with aphasia: effect of complexity 1989), better recall of concrete word pairs and sentences than abstract word pairs and sentences (see paivio, 1991 for a review), and increased ease.
Retrieval contexts and the concreteness effect: dissociations in memory for concrete and abstract words laura ter doest universiteit leiden, the netherlands gu¨n r semin three retrieval contexts: free recall, explicit word-stem completion, and implicit.
Results a summary of the principal results of the recall test is given in table 2 the concrete words were recalled slightly better than the abstract, the mean recall being 478 and 404, respectively analysis of variance indicates this abstract-concrete variable to be significant in recall, f(i,51) -----699, p 05. One of key interest of dct is the research of language concreteness on recall the word concreteness effect refers to the phenomenon that concrete words are better remembered than abstract words concrete words refer to objects, persons, etc, and abstract words mean ideas, feelings, and concepts.
Sleep and memory vs abstract/concrete after analyzing the data with a 2 x 2 anova, focusing on the concrete and abstract conditions and the variable recall scores, recall of concrete word pairs after sleep was more effect. 60 four times as many concrete words were identified compared to abstract words 61 similarly, paivio, walsh, and bons (1994) in their study on the effects of concreteness and 62 relatedness of noun pairs and free call, experimented on 76 participants. Concrete terms refer to objects or events that are available to the senses [this is directly opposite to abstract terms, which name things that are not available to the senses] examples of concrete terms include spoon, table, velvet eye patch, nose ring, sinus mask, green, hot, walking because these terms refer to objects or events we can see or hear or feel or taste or smell, their meanings are pretty stable.
Abstract and concrete sentences 565 from the results of the free recall task, we can conclude not only that concrete sentences are easier to retrieve from memory than abstract sentences, but also that more of the words of concrete sentences are retained than those of abstract sentences. Paivio’s (paivio, 1971, 1986) theory of dual-coding model could be an explanation to why the process of abstract words is slower concrete words have the superiority through memory of having two systems available, and abstract words only having one. Context availability and the recall of abstract abstract and concrete words in a supportive sentence con arranged on the lists so that if an abstract word appeared in a par.
Journal of verbal learning and verbal behavior zs, 559-566 (1976) comprehension and recall of abstract and concrete sentences v m holmes and j langford university of melbourne performance on abstract and concrete sentences was compared in a sentence meaning classification task and in a free recall task. - subjects rated 12 concrete and 12 abstract word pairs in an orienting task were presented in pairs and to rate the words individually on the ease with which each evoked a mental image did not recall anymore concrete words than abstract words.